The following code creates a adjacency matrix. For the example, students were asked to name up to five other students in their class that they considered to be friends. We start with a dataset that contains an id number for each case, as well as five variables that contain the id numbers of the friends each student identified. The code produces a square matrix with id numbers as row and column headings. The rows are which student was nominating friends, the columns are for nominees. A one indicates that the student for that row named the student for that column as a friend.

clear input id friend1 friend2 friend3 friend4 friend5 44006 45611 55610 74158 55898 . 45611 44006 45623 45621 74158 55898 45621 71643 45611 . . . 45623 59642 71643 45611 73452 55610 55610 45623 45611 44006 55898 71643 55898 74158 55610 45621 . . 59642 55898 71643 45621 45611 74158 71643 55898 73452 59642 45611 44006 73452 71643 45623 . . . 74158 55898 45611 59642 45621 44006 end* reset matsize, whether this is necessary will depend on the size of * the dataset and the version of Stata. set matsize 800

* place variables to be in the resulting matrix in one matrix * you will need to replace friend* with the appropriate variable names mkmat friend*, mat(F)

* place the case id in another matrix * you will need to replace id with the name of your id variable mkmat id, mat(id)

* get number of rows in dataset scalar define n = _N

* create fid, which is each case’s row in the dataset, the data must remain * (or be sorted) in the order defined by this fid gen fid = _n

mata * get matrices from Stata into Mata a=st_matrix(“F”) id = st_matrix(“id”)

* make an n by n matrix of zeros, where n is number of rows in dataset (cases) b = J(st_numscalar(“n”),st_numscalar(“n”), 0)

* loop through the rows and columns of the matrix b, setting the value in a cell * equal to 1 if the two cases are associated for(i = 1; i <= rows(a); i++) { for(j = 1; j<=cols(a); j++) { for(k=1; k<=rows(id); k++) { if (st_data(k,"id")==a[i,j]) { b[i, k]=1 } } } } * combine the vector of id numbers with the matrix of zeros and ones c = id,b id = .id c = id'c * make this combined matrix accessible in Stata as "adj" st_matrix("adj", c) end mat list adjadj[11,11] c1 c2 c3 c4 c5 c6 c7 c8 c9 c10 c11 r1 . 44006 45611 45621 45623 55610 55898 59642 71643 73452 74158 r2 44006 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 r3 45611 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 r4 45621 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 r5 45623 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 r6 55610 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 r7 55898 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 r8 59642 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 r9 71643 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 r10 73452 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 r11 74158 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0

preserve set obs `=_N+1′ svmat adj, names(col)* you may want to change temp.txt to another file name, you may also * want to add a file path outsheet c* using temp.txt, replace nonames

restore

The file temp.txt will contain the following matrix. Note that the rows are occupied by cases (as they were in the original dataset), while the columns correspond to the id numbers listed in the variables friend1-friend5. The matrix is not necessarily symmetric.

44006 45611 45621 45623 55610 55898 59642 71643 73452 74158 44006 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 45611 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 45621 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 45623 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 55610 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 55898 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 59642 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 71643 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 73452 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 74158 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0