This page shows an example of censored regression with footnotes explaining the output. First an example is shown using Stata, and then an example is shown using Mplus, to help you relate the output you are likely to be familiar with (Stata) to output that may be new to you (Mplus). We suggest that you view this page using two web browsers so you can show the page side by side showing the Stata output in one browser and the corresponding Mplus output in the other browser.

This example is drawn from the Mplus User’s Guide (example 3.2) and we suggest that you see the Mplus User’s Guide for more details about this example. We thank the kind people at Muthén & Muthén for permission to use examples from their manual.

**Example Using Stata**

Here is a probit regression example using Stata with two continuous predictors
**x1** and **x2** used to predict a binary outcome variable, **u1**.

infile u1 x1 x3 using https://stats.idre.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/ex3.2.dat, clear

summarize u1Variable | Obs Mean Std. Dev. Min Max -------------+-------------------------------------------------------- u1 | 1000 .9240341 1.113079 06.579389^{A}

tobit u1 x1 x3, ll(0)Tobit regression Number of obs = 1000 LR chi2(2) = 697.44 Prob > chi2 = 0.0000 Log likelihood = -1142.8851 Pseudo R2 = 0.2338 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ u1 | Coef. Std. Err. t P>|t| [95% Conf. Interval] -------------+---------------------------------------------------------------- x1 | 1.074801.0419657 25.61 0.000 .9924498 1.157152 x3 | .4947541^{D}.0378985 13.05 0.000 .4203842 .569124 _cons | .5154865^{D}.0405066 12.73 0.000 .4359986 .5949743 -------------+---------------------------------------------------------------- /sigma | 1.071333^{E}.0316242 1.009276 1.133391 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Obs. summary: 376 left-censored observations at u1<=0 624 uncensored observations 0 right-censored observations^{F}

estat ic------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Model | Obs ll(null) ll(model) df AIC BIC -------------+---------------------------------------------------------------- . | 1000 -1491.605 -1142.8854 2293.77^{B}2313.401^{C}------------------------------------------------------------------------------^{C}

The output is labeled with superscripts to help you relate the later Mplus
output to this Stata output. To summarize the output, both predictors in this model, **x1 **and** x2, **are
significantly related to the outcome variable, **u1**.

**Mplus Example**

Here is the same example illustrated in Mplus based on the
https://stats.idre.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/ex3.2.dat data file. Note that by using**
estimator=wls; **(weighted least squares) the results are shown in a probit metric.
Had we specified something like **estimator=ml; **(maximum likelihood)
then the results would be shown in a logit scale.

TITLE: this is an example of a censored regression for a censored dependent variable with two covariates DATA: FILE IS https://stats.idre.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/ex3.2.dat; VARIABLE: NAMES ARE y1 x1 x3; CENSORED ARE y1 (b); ANALYSIS: ESTIMATOR = MLR; MODEL: y1 ON x1 x3;

SUMMARY OF ANALYSIS <some output omitted to save space> Number of observations 1000 <some output omitted to save space> SUMMARY OF CENSORED LIMITS Y1 0.000THE MODEL ESTIMATION TERMINATED NORMALLY TESTS OF MODEL FIT Loglikelihood H0 Value -1142.885^{A}Information Criteria Number of Free Parameters 4 Akaike (AIC) 2293.770^{B}Bayesian (BIC) 2313.401^{C}Sample-Size Adjusted BIC 2300.697 (n* = (n + 2) / 24) MODEL RESULTS Estimates S.E. Est./S.E. Y1 ON X1 1.075^{C}^{D}0.043 25.101 X3 0.4950.037 13.344 Intercepts Y1 0.515^{D}0.040 12.810 Residual Variances Y1 1.148^{E}^{F}0.067 17.235

- This indicates that the variable
**y1**is censored at 0. This is derived from the data, where Mplus notes that the lowest value of**y1**is 0 (it seeks the lowest value because the input specification indicated the censoring was from below). Note how this corresponds to the results of the Stata**summarize**command that found the minimum value of**y1**to be 0. - This is the log likelihood of the model. Note how this
corresponds to the
**ll(model)**from the Stata**estat ic**command. - These are the AIC and BIC fit indices, and correspond to the
values shown from the
**estat ic**command from Stata. - These are the regression coefficients showing the relationship
between
**x1****x2**and**y1**. Such coefficients are interpreted in the same way as an OLS regression coefficient. The difference is that these coefficients attempt to estimate how estimate how strong the coefficient would have been had the censoring not taken place. Note the correspondence between these coefficients and those from Stata. - This is the intercept, the predicted value when all predictors are held constant at 0. Note the correspondence to the value shown in the Stata output.
- This is the residual variance in
**y1**after accounting for the predictors, and would be analogous to the MSE from an OLS regression. In the Stata output this is reported as**/sigma**and is reported as a standard deviation (as opposed to a variance). Squaring the value from Stata yields 1.071333^2 = 1.1477544, corresponding to the result from Mplus.